Otonan

Today is my “otonan“, maybe if you weren’t Balinese you might asking what is “otonan“? It is a local culture based anniversary or birthday in Balinese Hindu people. We traditionally do not have a birthday system just as the western culture has on their Georgian calender’s system (which is today adopted as international birthday system).

Otonan is based on “wuku“, “sapta wara” and “panca wara“. So this is how its goes, “wuku” is traditional calender systems, which I may say 1 year wuku (1 wuku‘s cycle) consist of 30 wukus numeration (see the list of the 30 wukus on Wikipedia), and every single wuku consist of 1 sapta wara (wara = day; sapta = seven; may translated as 1 week), so 1 wuku‘s cycle (or 1 traditional wuku year) consist of 210 days. And how about the “panca wara“, the panca wara (panca = five; wara = day) traditionally also known as “pasaran” or “pekan” (market day), sometime misunderstanding as a week when people said “akhir pekan” which refer to the end of week. So panca wara is a cycle of five days (see the list Panca Wara on Wikipedia).

So when one birth on this earth, he or she has a specific date of birth according to specific “Panca Wara“, “Sapta Wara ” and “Wuku” of birth. By this systems, the same day in 1 cycle shall come again in next 210 days (1 year wuku), so he or she shall celebrate his/her birthday in next 210 days (about 6 months in Georgian Calender).

When I grew up on a traditional village in Bali, I lived with my mother’s family, my deceased grandma used to make the ritual for my otonan. The sacrament so traditional and simple, we don’t use tart or any birthday cake, we make “tumpeng” a cone of rice with variety ornaments on it. Even the prayer come in daily simple language in Balinese. Its wishing so one would have a good life, good health, blessing with wisdom and nature support.  See more about otonan sacrament on PHDI’s site about Otonan.

I was born on December 23rd, 1984 in the middle of the night. So annually I get my birthday on that date, no matter what the day is on that date. But according to the wuku’s system, I born on Radite Wage Wariga at a new moon. Radite refer to the day of Sapta Wara, it is the first day, come from the word Raditya which refer to the Deity of the Sun (which in the cultural known as God personification on Sun’s element). The Radite is the same on Georgian Calender as Sunday in the week, well, I don’t know if it is coincident the “Sun-day” in western is similar with the day of sun (Redite) in Baliness’ culture.

Wage is refer to a day in Panca Wara. And Wariga is refer to specific (name of) wuku on the day I born. Each Sapta Wara, Panca Wara and Wuku have their own character just like when we are talking about zodiac, shio or jyotish systems. The combination of the three elements will give a specific character to someone, and his/her connection with the nature, by combining those elements we could find one’s good day or bad day in future, when one would have a good day for travelling, planting, even for going to barber should be revealed by this system. This system is so interesting, its calender as accurate as the Maya’s, and its has a fortune-like telling for everyone just like tarot card (tough its using different method).

By looking that calculation, my birthday in otonan systems always come on Wuku Wariga, Panca Wara Wage, and Sapta Wara Radite or every Sunday. Not like in Georgian systems my birthday maybe Sunday on this year and maybe Monday on another year. So it is a birthday not a celebration of birth-date 🙂

How about the age? Well, it little bit complicated to explain. I never found something like 24 years old in Georgian System would applied here as I never heard one said 49 year wukus old. Maybe because our ancestor wisdom that viewing life as a cycle, people born, live and die, its all about natural cycle. We do not see time as a linear object, which always moving forward. So we only recognize age as strata, we know new born baby, baby, child, kid, teenager, et cetera. I never see we count age on traditional way.

So…, now back within 24 and a half years ago, I was born under the day of the sun on the darkest night. It should explain my twilight phenomenon and my clairvoyance dumb. Ha ha…, okay, this last part only a joke. Well, at least my Mom still remind me at my otonan, cause I always careless about this thing.

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17 pemikiran pada “Otonan

  1. Andi Arsana

    It seems to me that 210 days are closer to 7 months, instead of 6 🙂

    Otonan, IMHO, is another birthday which is calculated based on Balinese-Hindu calendar system as Cahya explained above. It is true that the most popular birthday celebration is the one based on the Georgian calendar but it is, once again, just another birthday with different calendar system. The only concern is that ‘birthday’ is called “ulang tahun” in Bahasa Indonesia. This is why, otonan seems to be something different because it is not really celebrated every year (tahun) in a Georgian system.

    So birthday is a birthday. The only question is “in what calendar are you celebrating it?”

    A very good posting, btw!
    .-= Andi Arsana´s last blog ..Selamat Ulang Tahun Lita =-.

    Suka

  2. Cahya

    Bli Andi,

    Thanks for the revision, yes after recalculating, in Georgian calender, it close to 7 months 😀

    You get my point about ulang tahun (maybe it closer to anniversary? because anniversary not always a birthday) even I missed to touch that part.

    I love your simple pointing about Balinese birthday at Dedinan Pertama – Arsana Ashram. But honestly, as I mentioned on that page, I still do not get the different between “dedinan” (come from word “dina” which mean day) as you refer as birthday, and “rerahinan” (come from word “rahina” which also mean day.

    But as simple as I could say, just like poeple used to say, “Mangkin rerahinan Tumpek Uduh, ento dedinan entik-entikan

    Translated as, “Today is Tumpek Uduh’s day, that is the day of trees and plants.”

    Can I say that way? ?:-)
    .-= Cahya´s last blog ..Otonan =-.

    Suka

  3. dani

    kalo diliat dari detail yang dijabarkan di halaman belakang kalender bali, mirip ngga karakter yang digambarkan, selain paragraf terakhir tulisan di atas. 🙂

    Suka

  4. dani

    jelas maksah.. 😀
    import dong kalendernya dari bali.

    Ahad wage: lintang-uluku, lakunya angin, satria wibawa, suka bekerja, pandai merahasiakan hal penting, agak dermawan (berarti pelit masi) dan murah hati, keras hati pada yang menentang pendapatnya, suka berjudi, sering kaget.

    Wariga: dewa batara asmara, …, pelupa, …, banyak orang yang senang padanya, …, tidak suka duduk beramai-ramai, kemauannya besar.
    .-= dani´s last blog ..Mencoba HTML 5 =-.

    Suka

  5. suardeyasasri

    maaf…he he he, gantian sekarang…saya sekarang posted di webs bapak….nuwun bapak nggih….
    kata weton itu berasal dari kata metu, itu bahasa Jawa. masak nggak kenal dengan bahasa sendiri, ini tidak ada dalam tradisi agama Islam, Kristen dan Yahudi, adanya dalam tradisi Hindu….kata “metu” itu maknanya, momen waktu keluarnya sang bayi dari rahim ibu (jelaslah-sudah pasti dari rahim ibu). Kata “metu” mengalami perubahan bunyi, menjadi weton, antara “m” dan “w” dalam bahasa Jawa sering digunakan bergantian, kemudian mendapatkan akhiran “an” yang artinya suatu aktivitas, kegiatan.
    contohnya juga dalam tradisi Hindu di Jawa, ada upacara Pitonan, berasal dari kata “pitu”, nah wetonan itu sama saja dengan otonan dalam tradisi Hindu di Bali.
    Perhitungannya, sama, menggunakan sapta wara (redite, coma, anggara, buda, wrhaspati, sukra dan saniscara) kemudian juga menggunakan perhitungan Panca wara (umanis, pahing, pon, wage, dan keliwon). Ini adalah upacara peringatan “hari lahir”, jatuhnya setiap enam bulan sekali.

    Pada tradisi Jawa, memang masih melaksanakan tradisi wetonan tersebut hingga sekarang, tapi tidak mau mengakui itu tradisi Hindu, padahal tokoh-tokoh umat lain menyatakan belum ditemukan adanya upacara wetonan dalam kitab mereka.
    Nuwun

    Suka

  6. Cahya

    Pak Guru,

    Terima kasih sudah sempat berkunjung 😉

    Saya bukan ahli tradisi maupun agama, jadi masukan Pak Guru Nyoman merupakan tambahan ilmu bagi saya.

    Kalau saya secara personal, mungkin lebih sreg menyebutnya sebagai warisan kebudayaan nusantara dibandingkan warisan kebudayaan Hindu 🙂
    .-= Cahya´s last blog ..Melodies of Life =-.

    Suka

  7. Andi Arsana

    Pak Nyoman dkk,

    Ada sedikit perbedaan antara otonan di Bali dengan Weton di Jawa. Di Jawa, basis perhitungannya hanya dua yaitu Sapta Wara (7) dan Pancara Wara (5). Akibatnya, kelipaan persekutuan terkecil (KPK) keduanya dalah 35. Oleh karena itu Weton diperingati setiap 35 hari sekali. Otonan di Bali, selain menggunakan panca wara dan sapta wara, juga menggunakan wuku yang berjumlah 30 (sudah dijelaskan oleh Cahya). Maka dari itu, KPK dari ketiga basis perhitungan itu adalah 210. Itulah sebabnya otonan di Bali diperingati setiap 210 hari sekali.

    Kenten yening manut sekadi manah titiyang.

    Ampura
    Andi
    .-= Andi Arsana´s last blog ..Selamat Ulang Tahun Lita =-.

    Suka

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